Tossing your faucet simply since it is leaky is wasteful and
expensive. Lots of brass, steel, silicone, chrome-plated plastic, and die-cast zinc
annually end up in land fills because faucets are old and have reached the end of their life-spans. However countless other loads are
unnecessarily disposed of due to leaks that property owners did not believe could be repaired.
Hanging onto a dripping faucet is expensive, too. The United States
Environmental Protection Agency estimates that the typical U.S.
household wastes 9,400 gallons of water every year from
family leaks. This suffices to run 300 loads of laundry. Leaks alone account
for nearly one trillion gallons of wasted water across the U.S. per
Water is an increasingly decreasing resource.
Given that the regular monthly rate of water for
an average U.S. family increased by 52% from 2010 to 2017, this is a pressing issue that surpasses simply a matter of an
annoying drip during the night.
Be part of the solution by fixing your own dripping faucet, both
for your own sake and for the good of the earth. This post will help you
repair any of the 4 many standard kinds of
household faucets. It might be much easier than you
expect, and it normally will be less expensive than acquiring a brand-new faucet.
Before You Begin Your Repair
Faucet repair uses fairly couple of tools, many of which you might already have on hand. Before you start
your repair, you will wish to have all tools and materials nearby.
Tools and Products
Allen Wrenches (Hex Wrenches).
Clean Plastic Bin.
Egg Container, Optional (ideally Styrofoam).
Various Cleaning Implements: Q-Tip, Scouring Pad, Cloth
Rags, Old Tooth Brush.
Plumbing technician's Grease.
Parts Specific to Your Type of Faucet.
Preparation and Shut-Down Procedures.
Shut Water Off: Turn off water at the faucet.
Location Bucket: Put container listed below sink, near the water system lines. This will collect drips after you detach the
Disconnect Water: Turn off the two supply of water lines
under the sink (cold and hot). Disconnect supply of water valve
to sink under the cabinet. Let water drain into container.
Close Drain: Close with stopper. Guarantee that no parts fall down the sink by
sealing the sink drain with a couple of strips of duct tape.
Safeguard Fixtures: Apply duct tape to plier jaws to prevent
scratching fixtures. One great tip is
to cut off the fingers from an old pair of gloves and slip the fingers onto the plier jaws. For the
ultimate in protection, purchase soft-jaw pliers at your local hardware
Prepare Collection Location: Set out bin, towel, and optional egg carton next to
sink to aid in parts removal. Styrofoam egg containers work best,
since they are not affected by water.
Prepare Cleaning Items: Location distilled vinegar and cleaning
implements near bin to eliminate mineral deposits on parts.
How to Repair Leaky Compression Faucets.
The most basic and earliest type of faucet, the compression faucet is
identified by its different hot and cold controls which
need you to turn them clockwise to shut down the water.
Time Allotted: thirty minutes.
Tools and Products: Channellock-type pliers; flat-head and Phillips screwdrivers; replacement
washer; plumbing professional's grease; O-ring (optional).
Remove the faucet handles with pliers and flat-head screwdriver.
Remove the screw that connects the handles to the valve stem with your
Phillips head screwdriver.
Pull the handle up to remove it.
Eliminate valve stem assembly cover, then eliminate the assembly
With your soft pliers or wrench, remove the hex-nut section of the valve stem
assembly by turning nut counter-clockwise.
Unscrew the hex nut the rest of the way and eliminate.
Find the stem washer, which will be found at the bottom of the valve assembly. It
might be worn down and in need of replacement.
Remove brass screw protecting the stem washer in place.
Clean the washer holder area with vinegar and toothbrush to remove mineral deposits.
Get rid of old washer and utilize this as your model for when you go to the
store for a replacement. If the O-ring appeared to be worn, you can change this too.
Reassemble: push the new washer into valve seat, then attach with the
brass screw and the brand-new or existing O-ring.
Coat with plumber's grease.
Reassemble rest of faucet assembly.
How to Fix Ceramic Disk Faucets.
Double-control ceramic disk faucets have different hot and cold controls. The
gadget that begins and stops water circulation is a cartridge
including a set of highly sleek ceramic
disks. In many cases, only one side of this assembly might be
dripping. Test this out by at the same time turning off the
water supply listed below the sink to see which side is
Time Allotted: 45 minutes.
Tools and Products: Pliers; flat-head screwdriver; replacement cartridges; plumber's grease; O-
Open the plastic or metal cover plate that covers the handles.
The faucet body is secured to the cartridge generally by a Phillips
head screw, though in some cases by an Allen screw. Eliminate the
fastener and separate the faucet body from the cartridge stem.
Get rid of the locking nut with Channellock-type pliers. In some models, you
might also find a brass screw on top of the cartridge. If so, remove it and hold
onto it, as you might require it when you set up the new cartridge.
Slide out the retaining clip (or locking ring) with pliers, then raise out the cartridge. Take the old
cartridge to a hardware shop for a precise replacement.
Soak remaining parts in vinegar, then brush off to get rid of deposits.
Reassemble the faucet in reverse. If you saved the brass screw from earlier and it is needed,
install this now.
Turn on your water system. Check the system
How to Fix Single Cartridge (Sleeve) Faucets.
Cartridge faucets, frequently found in cooking areas,
normally have a single lever that fulfills a wide,
round base. The lever brings up to start the water circulation. Side to
side movement manages the hot and cold functions. The optional one-
for-one replacement of the self-contained cartridge indicates less fussing with
Time Allotted: 45 minutes.
Tools and Materials: Allen wrenches; screwdrivers; Channellock-style pliers;
cleaning materials; replacement cartridge (optional, if existing cartridge can
not be cleaned).
With your Allen wrenches, unscrew and loosen up the set screw, then eliminate the handle.
Lift the ornamental cap straight off. These are typically
delicate, so beware. Use your hands, not pliers.
With pliers, thoroughly pry the cartridge loose and eliminate even more by
hand. The cartridge will have seals on the bottom that you can pry out with the flat-head screwdriver.
With your cleaning implements, clean the seals and the location where the seals rest. To
do this, soak in vinegar and brush off deposits with a Q-tip or old toothbrush. If the
deposits do not free easily, acquire a new cartridge.
With your screwdriver, remove the O-ring from the faucet, coat with
plumbing's grease by hand, then re-install in the faucet body.
Change the cleaned old cartridge or brand-new cartridge, tightening with
the Channellock pliers.
Carefully change the decorative cap.
Re-install handle, tightening the set screw with the Allen wrenches.910.
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